Introduction

What seemed to be a happy birthday night turned out to be full of horror, heartache, and loss. Welcome to English Plus Learning Video Series, The Last of Us Episode 1, All Is Lost. You will watch the first episode of The Last of Us Learning Video Series and you will learn a few words and expressions as you watch.

An Interesting Language Tip from the Episode

‘You Shoulda Helped them’

Well, Sarah said that when her dad passed by those people running away just as they were, only they didn’t have a car. Her dad didn’t let his brother Tommy stop the car and just went past them. Only then did Sarah say “You shouda helped them,” so what does that mean and when do we use it?

Well, first, it’s actually ‘You should have helped them,’ but in speaking it’s pronounced like that and can be casually written like that, but of course, if you are writing something formal, don’t use ‘shoulda.’

Now more importantly, what does that mean, and when do we use it?

In the context of the video, Sarah used that expression to mean that it was the right thing to do, but you didn’t do it. And here, you need to make sure that the thing you’re talking about was not done.

For example,

Tommy: There were people who needed help in the hospital and I helped them.

John: That’s right. You should have helped them.

Tommy: What are you talking about. I did help them.

John: Yes, that’s what I’m saying. You should have helped them.

Tommy: You’re driving me crazy man. I told you that I had helped them…. — That can go on for a while, but the point is that you can’t use ‘should have’ in this context because whenever you use this expression, you mean that it wasn’t done, and in the context above, Tommy did help those people, so it’s not the right expression to use. John can say, ‘It was the right thing to do. / Good for you, etc. or maybe even the opposite, You shouldn’t have helped them (but you did).

So, you see, always use this expression to talk about what you think was the best thing to happen, but it didn’t, or not the best thing to happen, but it did. And here I’m talking about using this expression in affirmative or negative, and since we’re talking about how to form this expression, let’s see.

You use should + have + the past participle of any verb you want to use

e.g.

  • I should have studied more for the exam. (but I didn’t)
  • I shouldn’t have told her the truth. (but I did)
  • The police should have stopped the thief before he started shooting people. (but they didn’t)

And so on. I hope it’s clear now, and this is one very important expression you can add to your speaking and writing arsenal.

Let’s See If You Understand What Happened

The Last of Us Episode 1

Let's see how much of what happened you remember.

Name
Email
1. 
What did Sarah want to surprise her father with?

2. 
Why did Joel kill his neighbor?

3. 
Why did Joel go with Tommy?

4. 
How did Sarah break her leg?

5. 
Why did the soldier started shooting at Joel and Sarah?

Let’s See If You Paid Attention to The Keywords

The Last of Us | EP 1 | All Is Lost Vocabulary Quiz

Focus: Vocabulary
Quiz time: 8 minutes
Name
Email
1. 
A ______ is an idea or belief about something.

2. 
If you describe someone or something as ______, you mean that they are frightening and make people lose confidence.

3. 
A ______ is a long piece of metal with a sharp point.

4. 
If a place provides ______, it provides you with a place to stay or live, especially when you need protection from bad weather or danger.

5. 
If you ______ an area or ______ around it, you wander or travel around it without having a particular purpose.

6. 
If you are ______, you are in such a bad situation that you are willing to try anything to change it.

7. 
You ______ have helped them... That was the right thing to do, but you didn’t do it.

8. 
____________ is used to describe something which is considered to be of an acceptable standard or quality.

9. 
An ______ed place or building is no longer used or occupied.

10. 
If you ______ low, you hide or try not to draw attention to yourself.

11. 
A ______ is a dead body, especially the body of a human being.

12. 
If you ______ someone, you run faster than they do, and therefore are able to escape from them or to arrive somewhere before they do.

13. 
A ______ is a person or company that does work for other people or organizations.

14. 
A ______ is a loan of money which you get from a bank or building society in order to buy a house.

15. 
A ______ is a formal document describing the rights, aims, or principles of an organization or group of people.

16. 
A ______ is a farmhouse, together with the land around it.

17. 
If you ______ someone or something that is dangerous, uncontrolled, or likely to cause trouble, you bring them under control.

18. 
If you ______ on, you manage to achieve success or avoid failure in spite of great difficulties or opposition.

19. 
If people ______ together or ______ round something, they stand, sit, or lie close to each other, usually because they all feel cold or frightened.

20. 
If you are ______ed by pain, illness, or disaster, it affects you badly and makes you suffer.

21. 
A ______ is a lot of noise, confusion, and excitement.

22. 
If someone turns a place inside out or ______ down, they search it very thoroughly and usually make it very untidy.

23. 
If a government or other authority declares a ______ of emergency in an area, it introduces special measures such as increased powers for the police or army, usually because of civil disorder or because of a natural disaster such as an earthquake.

24. 
An ______ is a narrow passage or street with buildings or walls on both sides.

25. 
If a physical object is ______d, it is crushed or twisted very forcefully, so that it is difficult to see what its original shape was.

26. 
If you say or shout '______ out!' to someone, you are warning them that they are in danger.

27. 
If you haven't a ______ about something, you do not know anything about it or you have no idea what to do about it.

28. 
If you ______ about a situation, you say that you are not satisfied with it.

29. 
If someone ______s out, or if something ______s them out, they suddenly feel extremely surprised, upset, angry, or confused.

30. 
The ______ of an area of land is the whole of its outer edge or boundary.

31. 
____________ is the act of entering a place or institution or the right to enter it.

32. 
______ law is control of an area by soldiers, not the police.

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