- Audio Episode
- Both, Either, Neither
- both, either, and neither for two things
- Checkpoint 1
- both of…, neither of…, either of…
- Checkpoint 2
- both…and, neither…nor, either…or
- Checkpoint 3
- either/neither/both vs. any/none/all
- Checkpoint 4
You are going to learn how to use both, either and neither to express yourself in speaking and writing. Of course this episode is all about grammar, but it is a grammar tool you would want to learn for the ultimate goal of expressing yourself better in English.
Both, Either, Neither
both, either, and neither for two things
We use both/neither/either for two things.
- Both restaurants are good,
- Neither restaurant is expensive.
- We can go to either restaurant. I don’t mind.
You can also use both/neither/either without a noun:
- ‘Which do you prefer, basketball or tennis?’ ‘It’s hard to say. I like both.’
- ‘Is your friend British or American?’ ‘Neither. She’s Australian.’
- ‘Do you want tea or coffee?’ ‘Either. I don’t mind.’
both of…, neither of…, either of…
We use both of / neither of / either of + the/these/my/Tom’s,…etc.
- Both of these restaurants are good.
- Neither of the restaurants we went to was expensive.
- I haven’t been to either of those restaurants.
You don’t need of after both.
- Both of these restaurants are good. OR
- Both these restaurants are good.
We also use both of / neither of / either of + us/you/them:
- (talking to two people) Can either of you speak Russian?
- I asked two people how to get to the station, but neither of them knew.
We say ‘both of’ before us/you/them (you need to use of):
Both of us were tired. (not Both us were …)
After neither of … a verb can be singular or plural:
- Neither of them is at home. OR
- Neither of them are at home.
both…and, neither…nor, either…or
both … and …
- Both Chris and Paul were late.
- I was both tired and hungry when I arrived home.
neither … nor …
- Neither Chris nor Paul came to the party.
- There was an accident outside our house, but we neither saw nor heard anything.
either … or …
- I’m not sure where Maria’s from. She’s either Spanish or Italian.
- Either you apologize, or I’ll never speak to you again.
either/neither/both vs. any/none/all
either/neither/both (two things) and any/none/all (more than two)
- There are two good hotels here. You could stay at either of them.
- There are many good hotels here. You could stay at any of them.
- We tried two hotels. Neither of them had a room./Both of them were full.
- We tried a lot of hotels. None of them had a room./All of them were full.